Did you know the word restaurant is derived from the French word restaurer which means to restore?
The first French restaurants [pre-revolution] were not fancy gourmet establishments run by ex-aristocratic chefs.
However, they have their roots in the habits and customs that characterize our civilization and predate the Middle Ages.
Certain phases of foodservice operations reach a well-organized from as early as feudal times...
With the exception of inns, which were primarily for travelers, and street kitchens...where in Europe at that time could one purchase a meal outside the home?
Essentially in places where alcoholic begerages were sold, placesewquipped to serve simple, inexepensive dishes either cooked on the premises or ordered from a nearby inn or food shop, along with wine, beer, and spirits, which constituted the bulk of their business.
Another thought to ponder: how military foodservice impacted civilian industry.
"Foodservice organizations in operation in the United States today have become an accepted way of life, and we tend to regard them as relatively recent innovations.
Beauvilliers, 1782 "However, the first Parisian restaurant worthy of the name was the one founded by Beauvilliers in 1782 in the Rue de Richelieu, called the Grande Taverne de Londres.
He introduced the novelty of listing the dishes available on a menu and serving them at small individual tables during fixed hours." ---Larousse Gastronomique, (p. France was the birthplace of what we now call the restaurant..happened toward the end of the eighteenth century.
When cafes opened in France they also sold brandy, sweetened wines and liqueurs in addition to coffee.
The first modern-type cafe was the Cafe Procope which opened in 1696.
Advances in technology made possible mass production of foodstuffs, quick distribution of goods, safer storage facilities, and more efficient cooking appliances.