Dating back thousands of years are numerous examples of ancient technology that leave us awe-struck at the knowledge and wisdom held by people of our past.They were the result of incredible advances in engineering and innovation as new, powerful civilizations emerged and came to dominate the ancient world.Here we feature ten of the best examples of ancient technology and inventions that demonstrate the ingenuity of our ancient ancestors. The ancient invention of the steam engine by the Hero of Alexandria Heron Alexandrinus, otherwise known as the Hero of Alexandria, was a 1 century Greek mathematician and engineer who is known as the first inventor of the steam engine.
You need to produce a boiler before you can get to an engine, they may have had the boiler a 1000 years before the engine and this knowledge transferred to the Greeks on slow demise of the trading network, through the Mycenaeans or priests of Apollo at Delphi. There is a stone mould for a really interesting device.
, to produce castings of a device referred to as a sundial, but this may, in fact, be a calendar to track the passage of days and all manner of celestial occurrences including eclipses, it would put the amazing Antikythera mechanism in context, as it would explain that the great year calendar was well known to the ancients on which the mechanism is based and also the precursor to gears, it uses a notched system to move through days, to then move on a week on completion, the occurrences of interesting events are shown on the out gear. My own view is that Daedalus is not a single person, but a position in Minoan society, the modern day equivalent of the engineer, that they exported throughout the trading empire.
The replica of Heron’s machine could rotate at 1,500 rounds per minute with a very low pressure of 1.8 pounds per square inch.
The remarkable device was forgotten and never used properly until 1577, when the steam engine was ‘re-invented’ by the philosopher, astronomer and engineer, Taqu al-Din. Is the Assyrian Nimrud lens the oldest telescope in the world?
While lenses were around before the Nimrud lens, Pettinato believes this was one of the first to be used in a telescope. The Oldest Calendar in Scotland Research carried out last year on an ancient site excavated by the National Trust for Scotland in 2004 revealed that it contained a sophisticated calendar system that is approximately 10,000 years old, making it the oldest calendar ever discovered in the world.
The site – at Warren Field, Crathes, Aberdeenshire – contains a 50 metre long row of twelve pits which were created by Stone Age Britons and which were in use from around 8000 BC (the early Mesolithic period) to around 4,000 BC (the early Neolithic).They had contact with all the best idea of the world, Europe, Asia, Africa, adopting those of interest and re-exporting the best.Metallurgy, jewellery, textiles, architecture, irrigation to improve crop yield, roads for overland networks, the division of labour and specialist, even credit and commercial contracts, with standards through seals, and weights and measures.Much of this is accredited to the Etruscan period but its origin may have its roots in this trading empire.They also had the natural ground lens, crystal windows, flushing toilets, communal sewage system and beautiful art.The rotation force sped up the sphere up to the point where the resistance from traction and air brought it to a stable rotation speed.