It is the second-largest city in Alabama, after Birmingham, and is the 115th largest in the United States.
The Alibamu and the Coushatta, who lived on the west side of the river, were descended from the Mississippian culture.
This civilization had numerous chiefdoms throughout the Midwest and South along the Mississippi and its tributaries, and had built massive earthwork mounds as part of their society about 950–1250 AD.
It is the fourth-largest in the state and 136th among United States metropolitan areas.
The city was incorporated in 1819 as a merger of two towns situated along the Alabama River.
It became the state capital in 1846, representing the shift of power to the south-central area with the growth of cotton as a commodity crop of the Black Belt and the rise of Mobile as a mercantile port on the Gulf Coast.
In February 1861, Montgomery was selected as the first capital of the Confederate States of America, until the seat of government moved to Richmond, Virginia, in May of that year.
Their mixed-race children were considered Muskogean, as both tribes had a matrilineal system of property and descent.
The children were always considered born into their mother's clan, and gained their status from her people.
Its largest location was at Cahokia, in present-day Illinois east of St. The historic tribes spoke mutually intelligible Muskogean languages, which were closely related.