The decline in international trade resulted in an increase in gold smuggling by Kuwaiti ships to India.
However, under Abdullah II Al-Sabah, Kuwait pursued a general pro-Ottoman foreign policy, formally taking the title of Ottoman provincial governor, this relationship with the Ottoman Empire did result in Ottoman interference with Kuwaiti laws and selection or rulers.
In July, Mubarak invited the British to deploy gunboats along the Kuwaiti coast.
Remains of Greek colonization include a large Hellenistic fort and Greek temples.
At the time, Kuwait was under the control of the Sassanid Empire.
The Al Jalahma and Al Khalifa families relocated to Zubarah in 1766, leaving the only remaining Utub of Al Sabah as sole proprietors of Kuwait.
As a result of European decline of demand for goods from India and Africa, the economy of Kuwait suffered.
In 1613, the town of Kuwait was founded in the present-day location of Kuwait City.
Kuwait was initially under the control of the Bani Khalid clan, who built a fishing village in present-day Kuwait Bay.
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