Sometimes a shopping street has a partial or full roof to create a more comfortable shopping environment – protecting customers from various types of weather conditions such as extreme temperatures, winds or precipitation.
Forms of non-shop retailing include online retailing (a type of electronic-commerce used for business-to-consumer (B2C) transactions) and mail order.
In the Graeco-Roman world, the market primarily served the local peasantry.
The Phoenician's extensive trade networks necessitated considerable book-keeping and correspondence.
In around 1500 BCE, the Phoenicians developed a consonantal alphabet which was much easier to learn that the complex scripts used in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
In ancient Greece markets operated within the agora, an open space where, on market days, goods were displayed on mats or temporary stalls. Rome had two forums; the Forum Romanum and Trajan's Forum.
The latter was a vast expanse, comprising multiple buildings with shops on four levels.
Digital technologies are also changing the way that consumers pay for goods and services.
Retailing support services may also include the provision of credit, delivery services, advisory services, stylist services and a range of other supporting services.
Shopping generally refers to the act of buying products.
Sometimes this is done to obtain final goods, including necessities such as food and clothing; sometimes it takes place as a recreational activity.
The Phoenicians imported and exported wood, textiles, glass and produce such as wine, oil, dried fruit and nuts.