The Punjab region rose to significance in the Hindustani empire when Lahore became a seat for royal family in 1584, the legacy of which is seen today in its rich display of Mughal architecture.
The provincial capital of Punjab is the city Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based.
In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great defeated King Porus at the Battle of the Hydaspes near Mong, Punjab.
The administration of the Sikh Empire was based out of Lahore, until its defeat by the British.
Punjab was central to the independence movements of both India and Pakistan, with Lahore being site of both the Declaration of Indian Independence, and the resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan.
The province was formed when the Punjab province of British India was divided along religious boundaries in 1947 by the Radcliffe Line after Partition.
The word Punjab was formally introduced in the early 17th century CE as an elision of the Persian words panj (five) and āb (water), thus meaning the (land of) five rivers, similar in meaning to the Greek name for the region.
The Vedic civilisation flourished along the length of the Indus River.
This civilisation shaped subsequent cultures in South Asia and Afghanistan.
It is a UN World Heritage site, valued for its archaeological and religious history.