For other uses, see America (disambiguation), US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation). Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico.
The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast.
Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, and the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776.
"United States of America", "America", "US", and "USA" redirect here.
For the landmass comprising North and South America, see Americas. C., and the largest city by population is New York City.
In March 1778, Cook landed on Bligh Island and named the inlet "King George's Sound".
He recorded that the native name was Nutka or Nootka, apparently misunderstanding his conversations at Friendly Cove/Yuquot; his informant may have been explaining that he was on an island (itchme nutka, a place you can "go around").
English colonists were supplemented by waves of Scotch-Irish and other groups.
As coastal land grew more expensive, freed indentured servants pushed further west.
The war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power.