When Colapinto interviewed Reimer in 1997, Reimer admitted that he had always been certain that he was not a girl, despite being deceived by his doctor and his family.
He concluded that chromosomes did not make any difference in gender differentiation, and that children could be successfully reared as either sex irrespective of their anatomy or chromosomal make-up. Gonzalez Translation, supra note 95, at 15; see Greenberg & Chase, supra note 18. Ramos Summary, supra note 54, at 1; Translation of Sentencia No.
Money's solution was to perform a sex change operation on baby Bruce and to have his parents raise him as a girl named Brenda. T-551/99 (Colom.), at 1 [hereinafter Cruz Translation] (on file with author). Ramos Summary, supra note 54, at 1; Cruz Translation, supra note 100, at 1.
By removing Brenda's gonads, Money destroyed Brenda's reproductive capability. The first intersex case was heard by the Constitutional Court of Colombia in 1995.
However, Money believed that by changing Brenda's sex, he would make it possible for her to engage in intercourse and marry. This case is available at the Intersex Society of North America website, at visited Mar. Although the case has not been officially translated, the original Spanish text of this decision and the two subsequent decisions can be found on the website.
Money's research was published throughout the world, convincing doctors that gender was a societal construct, and therefore intersexed children could be raised unconditionally as either male or female. E-Mail from Cheryl Chase, founding director of ISNA (March 19, 2002) (on file with author).
He believed that the only way to ensure that both the family and the child would accept the child's gender was if the child's genitals looked clearly male or female. For purposes of this Article, I referred to my own translation as well as to summaries of the cases forwarded in an e-mail by Cheryl Chase, written by Sydney Levy, ISNA Board of Directors (March 19, 2002) (on file with author).
The community-held belief that an individual's ability to engage in intercourse is essential, even without orgasm or reproductive capability, seems to govern the decision to perform genital surgery on many otherwise healthy, intersexed children.
In response to the Colombian rulings and pressure from intersex activists, the American Bar Association recently proposed a resolution recommending that physicians adopt the heightened informed consent procedures required by the Colombian Constitutional Court decisions.
As a teenager, Reimer rejected his assigned sex and refused to take his female hormones.