As a direct consequence of the 'invasion,' the enforced move away from traditional areas adversely impacted upon Aboriginal cultural and the spiritual practices which had been necessary for maintaining the cohesion and well-being of the tribal group.Settlers also brought venereal disease (which greatly reduced indigenous fertility and birthrates) and introduced alcohol to the indigenous Aborigine and to which the Aborigine had no tolerance and the Aboriginal community had no prior experience in dealing with such issues.
Drinking has been one of the driving forces of culture for millennia, influencing artists – and their work – throughout history.
In this Telegraph video series, ‘A Thirst for Art’, the critic, author and broadcaster Alastair Sooke examines eight masterpieces that span the full scope of Western art and that each take drinking as their principal subject or theme.
Those creation stories describing the contact and features which the spiritual ancestors left on the land are integral to Aboriginal spirituality.
'Ancestor Spirits' came to Earth in human and other forms and the land, the plants and animals were given their form as we know them today.
The expression 'Dreamtime' refers to the 'time before time', or 'the time of the creation of all things', while 'Dreaming' is often used to refer to an individual's or group's set of beliefs or spirituality.
For example, an Indigenous Australian might talk about their Kangaroo Dreaming, Snake Dreaming, or Honey Ant Dreaming, or any combination of Dreamings pertinent to their 'land'.
This period ended with the rise of the sea following the last Ice Age and the development of an estuarine environment 8000 years ago.
All of Australia's Aborigines were semi-nomadic hunters and gatherers, with each clan having its own territory.
Land is fundamental to the well-being of all Aboriginal people.
The 'dreamtime' stories explain how the land was created by the journeys of the spirit ancestors.
Australian Aboriginal culture is one of the world's longest surviving cultures, which if one accepts the most recent dating of occupational remains at the Malakunanya II shelter, this period commences at least 50,000 years ago!