This was the context when the colonising processes of foreign powers moved in (mid 19th century): Holland in the north, France and Portugal in the south, all combined trading and missionary activities.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Communist Party was formed by an intellectual, educated in France, better known as Ho Chi Minh.
The anti-colonial riots became increasingly serious, but once again they were repressed.
The Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples, Cardinal Crescenzio Sepe, will visit Vietnam from November 28th to December 6th, upon invitation of the Bishops’ Conference of the Country.
During his pastoral visit, Cardinal Sepe will visit the three Ecclesiastical Regions of the Country, he will preside over the opening of a new diocese and celebrate the ordination to priesthood of 57 deacons.
This Asian Country can indeed boast a remarkable civilization and a learned and civilised people, dwelling in an area well known for the beauty of its landscapes: the delta of the Red River in the north, the delta of the Mekong in the south, and the whole coastline disseminated with green rice-fields.
– Geographical profile – A Short Historical Account – Society, Economy and Culture – Language – Arts – Celebrations and National Events – The Main Cities – Country Information Table – Religions – The Issue of the “Mountain-People”– The Catholic Church – The Church Today – Its Structure – The Church Today – Statistics – The Ad Limina Visits of the Vietnamese Bishops – Visits of the Delegation of the Holy See to Vietnam – The Life of the Church in Vietnam – New Ordinations of Priests – The Growth of Religious Congregations – A New Diocese – Evangelisation Today – The Church in Vietnam, Founded on the Blood of the Martyrs – Cardinal Nguyen Van Thuan, a Witness of Our Times – The Shrine of Lavang: the Virgin Patron of the Catholics in Vietnam Vietnam borders on Cambodia, Laos and China and it stretches for 1600 km down the eastern coast of the Indochinese peninsula.On this occasion, Fides Agency is publishing a dossier that offers a general overview of the Country and of the Vietnamese Church.Up to some years ago, the name “Vietnam” was immediately associated to memories of the war.The main cultivated fields in the Country are the delta of the Red River (15,000 sq km), in the north, and the delta of the Mekong (60,000 sq km), in the south.Three quarters Vietnamese territory is made up of mountains and hills; the highest peak is the Fansipan (3143 m) in the northwest of the Country.In Vietnam, there are five national parks: Cat Ba, the Ba Be Lake and Cuc Phuong in the north, Bach Ma in the centre, and Nam Cat Tien in the south.